Posts tagged “badgerports”


September 3, 2010
  Mono / FastCGI Startup Script

We’ve begun running Mono on some Bit Badger Solutions servers to enable us to support the .NET environment, in addition to the PHP environment most of our other applications use. While Ubuntu has nice packages (and Badgerports even brings brought them up to the latest release), one thing that we were missing was a “conf.d”-type of configuration; my “/applications=” clause of the command was getting really, really long. We decided to see if we could create something similar to Apache / Nginx’s sites-available/sites-enabled paradigm, and we have succeeded!

To begin, you’ll need to create the directories /etc/mono/fcgi/apps-available and /etc/mono/fcgi/apps-enabled. These directories will hold files that will be used define applications. The intent of these directories is to put the actual files in apps-available, then symlink the ones that are enabled from apps-enabled. These files have no name restrictions, but do not put an extra newline character in them. The script will concatenate the contents of that file to create the MONO_FCGI_APPLICATIONS environment variable, which tells the server what applications exist. (The syntax is the same as that for the “/applications=” clause - [domain]:[URL path]:[filesystem path].) Here’s how the site you’re reading now is configured (from the file djs-consulting.com.techblog.conf)…

djs-consulting.com.techblog.conf
1
techblog.djs-consulting.com:/:/path/to/install/base/for/this/site

Finally, what brings it all together is a shell script. This should be named “monoserve” and placed in /etc/init.d. (This borrows heavily from this script a script we found online, which we used until we wrote this one.) Note the group of variables surrounded by the “make changes here” notes - these are the values that are used in starting the server. They are at the top so that you can easily modify this for your own needs.

monoserve
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
#/bin/bash
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides: monoserve.sh
# Required-Start: $local_fs $syslog $remote_fs
# Required-Stop: $local_fs $syslog $remote_fs
# Default-Start: 2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: Start FastCGI Mono server with hosts
### END INIT INFO
PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin
DAEMON=/usr/bin/mono
NAME=monoserver
DESC=monoserver
## Begin -- MAKE CHANGES HERE --
PROGRAM=fastcgi-mono-server2 # The program which will be started
ADDRESS=127.0.0.1 # The address on which the server will listen
PORT=9001 # The port on which the server will listen
USER=www-data # The user under which the process will run
GROUP=$USER # The group under which the process will run
## End -- MAKE CHANGES HERE --
# Determine the environment
MONOSERVER=$(which $PROGRAM)
MONOSERVER_PID=""
FCGI_CONFIG_DIR=/etc/mono/fcgi/apps-enabled
# Start up the Mono server
start_up() {
get_pid
if [ -z "$MONOSERVER_PID" ]; then
echo "Configured Applications"
echo "-----------------------"
# Construct the application list if the configuration directory exists
if [ -d $FCGI_CONFIG_DIR ]; then
MONO_FCGI_APPLICATIONS=""
for file in $( ls $FCGI_CONFIG_DIR ); do
if [ "$MONO_FCGI_APPLICATIONS" != "" ]; then
MONO_FCGI_APPLICATIONS=$MONO_FCGI_APPLICATIONS,
fi
MONO_FCGI_APPLICATIONS=$MONO_FCGI_APPLICATIONS`cat $FCGI_CONFIG_DIR/$file`
done
export MONO_FCGI_APPLICATIONS
echo -e ${MONO_FCGI_APPLICATIONS//,/"\n"}
else
echo "None (config directory $FCGI_CONFIG_DIR not found)"
fi
echo
# Start the server
start-stop-daemon -S -c $USER:$GROUP -x $MONOSERVER -- /socket=tcp:$ADDRESS:$PORT &
echo "Mono FastCGI Server $PROGRAM started as $USER on $ADDRESS:$PORT"
else
echo "Mono FastCGI Server is already running - PID $MONOSERVER_PID"
fi
}
# Shut down the Mono server
shut_down() {
get_pid
if [ -n "$MONOSERVER_PID" ]; then
kill $MONOSERVER_PID
echo "Mono FastCGI Server stopped"
else
echo "Mono FastCGI Server is not running"
fi
}
# Refresh the PID
get_pid() {
MONOSERVER_PID=$(ps auxf | grep $PROGRAM.exe | grep -v grep | awk '{print $2}')
}
case "$1" in
start)
start_up
;;
stop)
shut_down
;;
restart|force-reload)
shut_down
start_up
;;
status)
get_pid
if [ -z "$MONOSERVER_PID" ]; then
echo "Mono FastCGI Server is not running"
else
echo "Mono FastCGI Server is running - PID $MONOSERVER_PID"
fi
;;
*)
echo "Usage: monoserve (start|stop|restart|force-reload|status)"
;;
esac
exit 0

This needs to be owned by root and be executable (chmod +x monoserve). You can use update-rc.d monoserve defaults to set this to start at boot.

Categorized under , , , ,
Tagged , , , ,